The Convention on the Rights of the Child
Article 1 – A child means every human being below the age of eighteen.
Article 2 – State parties must ensure all rights apply to children regardless of their age race, religion, gender, wealth or birthplace.
Article 3 – All signatories of the convention must work towards actions in the best interests of the child.
Article 4 – Governments must make these rights available to all children.
Article 5 – Governments and parents must ensure children are equipped with the knowledge to understand their rights.
Article 6 – All children have the right to a life of fullness.
Article 7 – Governments should respect a child’s right to a name and nationality.
Article 8 – Governments must respect a child’s right to their own identity.
Article 9 – Children should not be removed from their parents unless for their own good.
Article 10 – Families living in different countries should be able to move between them so families can keep in contact or get back together as a family.
Article 11 – Governments must take all measures to combat the illegal removal of children from their country.
Article 12 – Children have the right to their opinion and can say what they think should happen.
Article 13 – Children have the right to freedom of expression and can seek, receive and impart information and ideas of all kinds.
Article 14 – Governments should respect the right of children to have freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
Article 15 – Children have the right to freedom of association.
Article 16 – Children have the right to their privacy.
Article 17 – Governments should ensure children have access to information and material from a diversity of national and international sources, especially those aimed at the promotion of his or her social, spiritual and moral well-being and health.
Article 18 – Parents have a responsibility for bringing up their child and should always consider what is best.
Article 19 – Governments should ensure children are protected from violence and neglect.
Article 20 – Children who cannot be cared for by their own parents should be looked after by people who respect their religion, culture and language.
Article 21 – When a child is adopted, their best interests should be the utmost priority.
Article 22 – Children who enter a country as refugees should have the same rights as children born in that country.
Article 23 – Children with any kind of disability must have special care and support.
Article 24 - Children have the right to enjoy the highest attainable standard of health. Governments should work towards the development of healthcare and diminish disease and child mortality.
Article 25 – Children have the right to have their situation reviewed by their local authorities regularly.
Article 26 – Governments should provide the right resources for children if they need to benefit from social security.
Article 27 – All children have the right to a quality standard of living that meets their mental and physical standards and should be helped if they can’t reach this themselves.
Article 28 – All children have the right to an education.
Article 29 – Education should help the development of a child’s personality, talents and physical abilities so they can reach their full potential.
Article 30 – Children have the right to practise their own religion or language.
Article 31 – All children have the right to rest and leisure, and to engage in play and recreational activities. They can participate fully in cultural life and the arts.
Article 32 – Governments must protect children from economic exploitation or performing work that can interfere with their education or could be harmful to their development.
Article 33 – Governments must take all appropriate legislative, administrative, social and educational measures to protect children from the illicit use of drugs and prevent use of children in trafficking substances.
Article 34 – Governments must protect children from sexual abuse.
Article 35 – Governments must protect children from being abducted, sold or trafficked at all costs.
Article 36 – Children must be protected from all forms of activities that can harm their development.
Article 37 – Children who break the law should not be treated cruelly and not imprisoned with adults. They should also be able to contact their families.
Article 38 – Governments should not allow any child under the age of sixteen to join the army.
Article 39 – Governments should take all appropriate measures to promote physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration of children exposed to neglect, exploitation or abuse.
Article 40 – Children accused of breaking the law should receive legal help.
Article 41 – If the laws of a country protect a child better than the articles of the convention, then the laws should be followed.
Article 42 – The government should make the convention known to parents and children.
Article 43-54 – These articles contain methods for institutions, organisations and individuals to ensure children get their rights.