The Convention on the Rights of the Child
Article 1 – A child means every human being below the age of 18.
Article 2 – States parties must ensure all rights apply to children regardless of their age, race, religion, gender, wealth or birthplace.
Article 3 – All signatories to the convention must work towards actions in the best interests of the child.
Article 4 – Governments must make these rights available to all children.
Article 5 – Governments and parents must ensure children are equipped with the knowledge to understand their rights.
Article 6 – All children have an inherent right to life.
Article 7 – Governments should respect a child’s right to a name and nationality.
Article 8 – Governments must respect a child’s right to their own identity.
Article 9 – Children should not be removed from their parents unless for their own good.
Article 10 – Families living in different countries should be able to move between them so children can have direct contact with both parents.
Article 11 – Governments must take all measures to combat the illegal removal of children from their country.
Article 12 – Children have the right to express their views freely in all matters affecting them.
Article 13 – Children have the right to freedom of expression and can seek, receive and impart information and ideas of all kinds.
Article 14 – Governments should respect the right of children to have freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
Article 15 – Children have the right to freedom of association.
Article 16 – Children have the right to privacy.
Article 17 – Governments should ensure children have access to information and material from a diversity of national and international sources, especially those aimed at the promotion of his or her social, spiritual and moral wellbeing and health.
Article 18 – Both parents have common responsibilities for the upbringing and development of the child, with the best interests of the child their basic concern.
Article 19 – Governments should ensure children are protected from all forms of physical and mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect and exploitation.
Article 20 – Children who cannot be cared for by their own parents should be looked after by people who respect their religion, culture and language.
Article 21 – When a child is adopted, their best interests should be the utmost priority.
Article 22 – Children who enter a country as refugees should have the same rights as children born in that country.
Article 23 – Children with any kind of disability must have special care and support.
Article 24 - Children have the right to enjoy the highest attainable standard of health. Governments should work towards the development of healthcare and diminish disease and child mortality.
Article 25 – Children placed in care have the right to have their situation reviewed by their local authorities regularly.
Article 26 – Governments should provide the right resources for children if they need to benefit from social security.
Article 27 – All children have the right to a standard of living adequate for their physical, mental, spiritual, moral and social development.
Article 28 – All children have the right to an education.
Article 29 – Education should help the development of a child’s personality, talents and mental and physical abilities so they can reach their full potential.
Article 30 – Children have the right to practise their own religion or language.
Article 31 – All children have the right to rest and leisure, to engage in play and recreational activities and to participate freely in cultural life and the arts.
Article 32 – Governments must protect children from economic exploitation or performing work that can interfere with their education or could be harmful to their development.
Article 33 – Governments must take all appropriate legislative, administrative, social and educational measures to protect children from the illicit use of drugs and prevent use of children in the production and trafficking of such substances.
Article 34 – Governments must protect children from sexual abuse and exploitation.
Article 35 – Governments must protect children from being abducted, sold or trafficked.
Article 36 – Children must be protected from all forms of exploitation that can harm their welfare.
Article 37 – No child shall be subjected to torture or other cruel treatment or punishment; no child shall be deprived of his or her liberty unlawfully or arbitrarily. The arrest, detention or imprisonment of a child shall only be used as a last report and for the shortest appropriate period of time.
Article 38 – Governments should take all feasible measures to ensure that children under the age of 15 don't take direct part in armed conflicts.
Article 39 – Governments should take all appropriate measures to promote physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration of children exposed to neglect, exploitation or abuse.
Article 40 – Children accused of breaking the law should receive legal help.
Article 41 – If the laws of a country protect a child better than the articles of the convention, then the laws should be followed.
Article 42 – Governments should make this convention widely known to adults and children.
Article 43-54 – These articles contain methods for institutions, organisations and individuals to ensure respect for child rights.