‘Famine’ is the most disastrous form of hunger; it means an extreme shortage of food and significant death, either due to starvation or a combination of malnutrition and disease.
It was last declared in 2017 in South Sudan and 2011 in Somalia. From a technical viewpoint, famine is declared in an area when:
- ONE in five households or more has extreme deprivation of food
- ACUTE malnutrition is greater than 30 per cent
- THERE are two deaths per 10,000 people every day, or four child deaths per 10,000 children every day