Famine means there’s an extreme shortage of food. It results in many deaths, either due to starvation or a combination of malnutrition and disease. Famine was most recently declared in 2017 in South Sudan, and also in Somalia in 2011.
Famine is officially declared in an area when:
- at least one in five households has extreme deprivation of food;
- acute malnutrition is experienced by more than 30 percent of children; and
- there are two deaths per 10,000 people every day, or four child deaths per 10,000 children every day.