Prevention, prosecution, protection and policy make up the 4 'Ps' of World Vision's approach to human trafficking and slavery. A comprehensive approach is essential for a problem that is so far-reaching, and so devestating for so many people.
Human trafficking and slavery is a multi-dimensional problem. Because it implicates the social, economic, educational, health, political and criminological sectors in countries where it occurs, this crime requires a holistic approach.
World Vision uses the '4P' approach:
To put preventative measures in place, World Vision must identify the factors that make a person or community vulnerable to trafficking and slavery. We address this at the place of origin, during the trafficking experience and at the place of destination. Reducing 'demand' is also essential. For example, in vulnerable communities, we raise awareness of people's rights and safe migration practices.
Prevention reduces the risk of children and adults falling victim to trafficking and slavery.
When a trafficking or slavery survivor is rescued and reunited with their family, they need assistance as they begin to rebuild their life. World Vision helps ensure they are kept safe from harm and further abuse. The person receives food, shelter, counselling, medical care, legal and financial support, education, vocational training and witness protection.
Protection begins when a trafficking/slavery survivor is rescued; they are kept safe and helped to rebuild their lives.
The trafficking/slavery survivor has a right to see justice being served; it is an important part of their rehabilitation. Prosecution of perpetrators requires vigorous law enforcement, fighting corruption, identifying and monitoring trafficking routes and cross-border coordination.
Prosecution targets the perpetrators of human trafficking and slavery.
Policy is a course of action adopted by a government, party or organisation on a particular issue. With regards to human trafficking and slavery, national policies are influenced by a country's international obligations (such as the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child), national legislation, bilateral agreements and most importantly public opinion and lobbying.
Policy is the framework that holds our anti-trafficking initiatives together. It enables us to be successful in prevention, prosecution and protection.
The underlying principle of all World Vision anti-trafficking initiatives is that they are rights-based and always carried out in the best interests of the victim.